The Tirupati Balaji Temple is located about 10 Km away from Tirupati. It lies on the base of the Tirumala hills in the Chitoor district of the state of Andhra Pradesh. Dedicated to Lord Venkateshwara, one of the avatars of Lord Vishnu, the Tirumala temple is the most visited temple in the world.
The temple of Tirupathi Tirumala Balaji in India is the second richest temple in the world after The Vatican in Rome. Thousands of Hindu pilgrims from across the globe throng to this temple that is among the famous holy Hindu pilgrimage sites. A Hindu South India pilgrimage is considered incomplete without a visit to the renowned Tirumala Balaji temple. Such is the reverence that this temple enjoys.
The age of the Tirumala Temple is unknown but it was first mentioned in Tamil literature that dates back to as early as 500 B.C. Tirupathi was then called Tiruvengadam that was the northernmost border of the Tamil Kingdoms. Ramanuja was a legendary Vaishnava scholar and in the 12th century he identified the deity as Lord Vishnu thus removing many doubts the people had.
Kings of different dynasties have contributed generously thus making it a famous and the richest temple in the world. Originally built by the Pallavas, the temple was supported by the Cholas and Hoysalas, who were the rulers of Vijayanagara. The king of Vijayanagara, Krishna Deva Raya donated gold and other ornaments for the temple and also extended the temple by building more shrines. The temple gained immense popularity and fame under his rule. It thus became one among the prime places of worship in India.
Important Festivals :
Vaikuntha Ekadasi, Ram Navami and Janmashtami are some of the Vaishnava (Dedicated to Lord Vishnu) festivals that are celebrated with grandeur. Brahmotsavam is the main nine-day festival that falls in September every year. During this time, thousands of devotees flock to the Tirumala temple that is one of most sacred pilgrimage sites in India.
How to reach Tirumala :
There are regular bus services from Tirupathi to Tirumala every 5 minutes. Tirupathi is well connected to important cities and towns. Tirupati is an important rail junction and is conected to all cities in the country. Many trains begin from Tirupathi. The airport at Tirupathi operates flights to Hyderabad, Chennai, and Bangalore-Mumbai etc.