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Takht Sri Damdama Sahib, one of the Five Takhts or Seat of Temporal Authority of Sikhism, is located at Bathinda in Punjab. Damdama means breathing place. In 1705, Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Sikh Guru, prepared the text of the Sikh Scriptures called Sri Guru Granth Sahib. So, it is an important pilgrimage site in North India.

Damdama-SahibThis shrine of Damdama Sahib illustrates the earlier visit of Guru Gobind Singh here, during his return from Kurukshetra. Raja Ajmer Chand along with two Mughal rulers namely Sayyed Beg and Alaf Khan suddenly attacked the Guru but were beaten up in the end. The Guru's charisma and his personality was so admired by the Mughal General that he became his devotee.

On 20-21 January 1706, Guru Gobind Singh arrived at Talwandi Sabo and stayed outside the village. Talwandi Sabo is also known as Guru Ki Kashi meaning a great learning centre. Gurudwara Sri Damdama Sahib marks the place of his stay. Native Chaudhari Bhai Dalla attended to, the Guru with great devotion. He refused to arrest the Guru as ordered by the Nawab of Sirhind, Wazir Khan. Bhai Mani Singh escorted Mata Sundri and Mata Sahib Kaur came here from Delhi to meet Guruji. Guruji spent nine months in intense literary activities.

Guru Gobind Singh, after fighting battles against the Mughals stayed here. Wazir Khan killed the guru's younger sons, Zorawar Singh and Fateh Singh, aged 9 and 7 respectively. So now, the place is known as Fatehgarh Sahib. At Chamkaur Sahib, his two elder sons, Ajit Singh and Jujhar Singh laid down their lives on fighting the Mughal forces.

Guru Gobind Singh was victorious in the battle at Muktsar, after which he moved
towards Talwandi Sabo. It is the place where, Bhai Mani Singh prepared the holy granth under the guidance of Guruji. Thus Talwandi became a centre of learning and came to be known as Guru Ki Kashi.

Chaudhari Tiloka and Rama, ancestors of the Pulkian (Patiala, Nabha and Jind) rulers received Amni from the blessed hands of the Guru. Sacred articles of the tenth Guru Sri Sahib (Sword), a mirror, a match lock, a portrait of the tenth Guru, a pothi (book) transcribed by Baba Deep Singh, Sword of Baba Deep Singh and a Persian sword are displayed in the Gurudwara Damdama Sahib. The other places of worship at Talwandi Sabo are, Jand Sahib, Tibbi Sahib, Likhansar and Gurusar.

Wada Darbar Sahib and Gurusar, the two Gurdwaras in memory of the ninth Guru Sri Tegh Bahadur are also there. Guru Gobind Singh came to Talwandi Sabo at the request of a devoted follower, Bhai Dala who was the Chief of Brar jats of Ma!wa area. He stayed there for over nine months during which the place was transformed into abode of the Khalsa and became another Anandpur.

From then on it has been a major Sikh pilgrimage site. Now called Damdama Sahib, it was here the Guru preached complete sacrifice of personal and family interests at the altar of the good of mankind. It is said that one day Guru Gobind flung a handful of reed pens over the heads of the congregation saying: ";Here we will create a pool of literature. No one of my Sikhs should remain illiterate."

The Guru completed the Damdame Wali Bir as it is sometimes called, here only which was transcribed by Bhai Mani Singh. Hymns of Guru Tegh Bahadur Singh, the ninth Guru and Father of Guru Gobind Singh was added to the Bir.

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